Whether your doctor recommends a colonoscopy because you are having signs of bleeding from the large intestine, or colon, or because it is time for colon cancer screening, the procedure is the same. A colonoscope is a thin and flexible tube between 48 inches to 72 inches long, with a small video camera attached, allowing the doctor to take pictures or video of the entire colon and the lower part of the small intestine. This test is used to help find ulcers, tumors, areas of inflammation or bleeding, or colon polyps.
Experts in colonoscopy, Norwich CT GI
While performing colonoscopy, your doctor will be able to take tissue samples, or biopsies, which will be examined under a microscope by a pathologist for signs of abnormal tissue architecture or cell architecture. If you have growths in the colon, called polyps, they can be removed and microscopically examined.
Before you have a colonoscopy, you will be given a “colon prep” to clean out the colon. The liquid you drink for the colon prep will cause loose stools and diarrhea, as it is used to empty your colon so the doctor can see the interior, or lumen, of the intestine. You will also be on a liquid diet for about a day before your colonoscopy.
When you have your colonoscopy, you will be sedated and will not have any discomfort. You will not remember the colonoscopy after the test. Your doctor, however, will come in to inform you of the results of the test, and will probably show you some pictures that were taken during the test. If there were biopsy samples taken, your doctor will follow up with you and let you know the results within a few days.
The doctors at Norwich GI have extensive experience with colonoscopies.
Depending upon your age and your risk factors, you may have screening colonoscopies recommended every three, five or ten years. Your doctor will follow guidelines that are based upon evidence that has shown that there is a benefit in terms of mortality and morbidity, or prevention of death and disease, by having a colonoscopy performed.